Part-Time Employee

HR Glossary for HR Professionals

Glossary of the most common HR terms and acronyms to assist professionals navigating the ever-growing and ever-changing world of HR terminology.

Part-Time Employee

What is a Part-Time Employee?

While the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) doesn’t define what constitutes a part-time employee, they are generally defined by each individual employer’s policy. Typically, these policies will define part-time as an employee who works less than 40 hours per week. 

What differentiates a part-time employee from a full-time employee?

Most often, employers will differentiate these employees with the eligibility for none, or only some of the benefits the organization provides. Typically, part-time employees are not eligible for health insurance and a limited number of PTO days. 

On the other hand, some people and organizations look at working part-time as a benefit itself due to the flexible schedule and job sharing capabilities. 

Why should an employer hire part-time employees?

There are many reasons why an employer may consider hiring part-time employees, such as: 

  • Cut in labor costs. 
  • Opportunity to expand in number of qualified employees. 
  • You can hire part-time to try out an employee prior to hiring full-time.

Why shouldn’t an employer hire a part-time employee?

  • Some believe that these employees aren’t as committed to the work and the company. 
  • They tend to take longer to learn the culture and job duties. 
  • They are more difficult to retain.

Related Terms: Full-Time Employee, FLSA, DOL

« Back to Glossary Index